Karyotypes of coralsnakes (Reptilia: Elapidae) from the western hemisphere, with comments on intraspecific variation and centric fission of chromosomes (American Museum novitates, no. 3972)

Supplemental Materials
Date
2021-07-19
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
American Museum of Natural History.
DOI
DOI
Abstract
Karyotypes are described for Micruroides euryxanthus from Arizona and Micrurus tener from Texas. These are compared with karyotypes of other elapids from around the world, which exhibit significant interspecific variation. The largest macrochromosome of M. euryxanthus, which is metacentric, is shared by only two other species of coralsnakes from the New World. This may be a shared ancestral chromosome homologous to the largest macrochromosome that occurs in most other snakes, including some of the Australian elapids. The karyotype of M. tener from Texas has a ZZ:ZW1W2 sex chromosome system, which differs from individuals of this species reported previously from Louisiana. Over the relatively young 35-million-year global history of the Elapidae, karyotypes appear to have varied more than those of most other snakes throughout a 140-million-year history.
Description
8 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Keywords
Karyotypes., Coral snakes -- Genetics., Coral snakes -- Evolution., Arizona coral snake -- Genetics., Arizona coral snake -- Evolution., Chromosomes.
Citation