A revision of the tracheline spiders (Araneae, Corinnidae) of southern South America. American Museum novitates ; no. 3128

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New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History
"Trachelopachys Simon is represented in Chile by T. sericeus (Simon), previously known from Argentina, Paraguay, and Brazil; Trachelas nigronotatus Mello-Leitão is transferred to Trachelopachys and newly synonymized with T. sericeus. The genus Meriola Banks is removed from the synonymy of Trachelas L. Koch and redefined to include those trachelines in which the ventral cusps on the anterior legs are elongated and sharply pointed, and the posterior eye row is neither strongly recurved nor widened. As relimited, Meriola occurs from the northern United States south to Chile and Argentina (although it is uncommon in tropical South America). Twenty-two specific names are transferred to Meriola: from Cetonana Strand (a replacement name for the preoccupied Ceto Simon), C. barrosi Mello-Leitão, C. cinerea Mello-Leitão, C. costulata (Mello-Leitão), C. elongata Mello-Leitão, C. hyltonae (Mello-Leitão), and C. lissopalpus Mello-Leitão, and from Trachelas, T. arcifer Simon, T. arequipa (Gertsch), T. californicus Banks, T. carvalhoi Mello-Leitão, T. caxambuensis Mello-Leitão , T. cetiformis Strand, T. deceptus (Banks), T. distinctus Mello-Leitão, T. fasciatus (Mello-Leitão), T. foraminosus Keyserling, T. gulosus (Mello-Leitão), T. lineolatus Mello-Leitão, T. longitarsis Simon, T. quadripunctatus Mello-Leitão, T. segmentatus (Mello-Leitão), and T. virgatus Simon. Twelve of those names are newly synonymized: M. lineolata, M. costulata, and M. carvalhoi, all with M. arcifera; M. gulosa, M. segmentata, and M. elongata, all with M. hyltonae; and M. quadripunctata, M. caxambuensis, M. distincta, M. cinerea, M. arequipa, and M. lissopalpa, all with M. cetiformis, which occurs in Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina as well as the high Andes of northern Chile. A lectotype is designated for Gayenna alticola Simon. Thirteen new species are described: M. nague, gallina, manuel, and quilicura from Chile, penai, tablas, and puyehue from Chile and Argentina, and balcarce, teresita, rahue, mauryi, ramirezi, and goloboffi from Argentina. The males of M. fasciata and M. foraminosa, and the female of M. longitarsis, are described for the first time. The North American type species, M. decepta, is newly recorded from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil; M. foraminosa occurs widely from Venezuela south to Chile; M. arcifera has apparently been introduced into California"--P. [1]-2.
41 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 40-41).