Revision of the mirine genus Phytocoris Fallén (Heteroptera, Miridae) for western North America. Bulletin of the AMNH ; v. 188, article 1

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[New York] : American Museum of Natural History
"The western Nearctic species of the cosmopolitan genus Phytocoris Fallén are revised. Ecertobia Reuter and Pallacocoris Reuter are proposed as new junior synonyms of Phytocoris. One-hundred and ninety-nine species are recognized including four that also occur in the Palearctic region. The species are distributed among 20 newly proposed species-groups, primarily on the basis of head morphology, dorsal vestiture, and characteristics of the male genitalia. Seventy-eight new species are described and the following new synonymies are proposed (senior synonym first): acaciae Knight = minuendus Knight; calli Knight = laticeps Knight; deserticola Knight = lineatellus Knight; empirensis Knight = rinconae Knight; fraterculus Van Duzee = westwoodi Bliven; fuscipennis Knight = longirostris Knight; geniculatus Van Duzee = blackwelli Bliven; interspersus Uhler = viridescens Knight; juniperanus Knight = chiricahuae Knight, flaviatus Knight, santaritae Knight; ketinelbi Bliven = kahtahbi Bliven; knowltoni Knight = albertae Knight, elongatus Knight; laevis (Uhler) = rolfsi Knight; maritimus Van Duzee = sequoiae Bliven; neglectus Knight = yuroki Bliven; nigrifrons Van Duzee = abiesi Knight, tehamae Bliven; relativus Knight = albiscutellatus Knight; stellatus Van Duzee = arcatae Bliven, tinctus Knight; stitti Knight = albiceps Knight, merinoi Knight; strigosus Knight = flavellus Knight; sublineatus Knight = subcinctus Knight, tanneri Knight; tenuis Van Duzee = gracillatus Knight; ventralis Van Duzee = contrastus Knight, ephedrae Knight, quadricinctus Knight; vinaceus Van Duzee = hyampom Bliven; yollabollae Bliven = albiclavus Knight, montanae Knight, taos Knight. Illustrations are provided for the male genitalia of all species, and scanning electron micrographs are presented for the head, pretarsus, and dorsal vestiture of representative species. Dorsal habitus illustrations are provided for representatives of nine species-groups. A detailed diagnosis and description are included for the genus and each of the 20 species-groups. A key to species groups is given, as well as keys to the species of each group. All species treatments include a diagnosis and summary information on biology, host plant associations, and distribution. Detailed descriptions and specific locality data are included only for the new species. Phytocoris species diversity and endemism are greatest in shrub and steppe, and desert communities of the southwestern United States. The majority of western Nearctic species are host-specific inhabitants of trees and shrubs, but a few ubiquitous species are known to breed on grasses and herbaceous plants. Many species occurring on woody plants appear to be inhabitants of bark. The nymphs and adults of most species are believed to be primarily predaceous. Nearctic and Palearctic species have been observed feeding on small, soft-bodied insects and mites, including several important pests of forests and orchards"--P. 3.
257 p. : ill., map ; 26 cm.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 248-251) and indexes. Indexes compiled by the author and Michael D. Schwartz.