Towards a monophyletic Bombyliidae (Diptera) : the removal of the Proratinae (Diptera, Scenopinidae). American Museum novitates ; no. 3051

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New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History
"Prorates Melander, Alloxytropus Bezzi, Caenotus Cole, and Caenotoides Hall (the Prorates group) of the Bombyliidae subfamily Proratinae share the following apomorphies with the Scenopinidae: male eyes divided into regions of large facets dorsally and small facets ventrally, scutum lacking large setae, wing cell bm acute apically, an area of modified setae on abdominal tergite two of both sexes; epandrium divided longitudinally into two sclerites, distiphallus bifid or trifid, and spermathecae reduced from three to two. A cladogram of the Prorates group of genera and representative Scenopinidae is presented. The Scenopinidae plus the Prorates group of genera form a monophyletic group and the concept of the family is enlarged to include the Prorates group. The Scenopinidae are divided into three subfamilies: the Caenotinae, containing Caenotus; the Proratinae containing Alloxytropus, Caenotoides and Prorates; and the Scenopininae containing all the genera placed in the Scenopinidae before this work. The new subfamilies are keyed and described and their constituent genera are listed. Apystomyia Melander has traditionally been classified in the Proratinae. Unlike the Prorates group, Apystomyia does not exhibit a relationship with the Scenopinidae and it is considered incertae sedis at the family level within the Muscomorpha (sensu Woodley, 1989)"--P. [1].
30 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 28-30).