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Phylogenetic studies in the Papilioninae (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Bulletin of the AMNH ; v. 186, article 4

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dc.contributor.author Miller, James Stuart, 1953- en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-06T14:36:48Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-06T14:36:48Z
dc.date.issued 1987 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/911
dc.description p. [365]-512 : ill. ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 507-512). en_US
dc.description.abstract "Cladistic analyses of relationships among genera in the subfamily Papilioninae reveal that many taxonomic subgroups accepted by previous authors are not monophyletic. Four tribes are recognized: The Troidini and Papilionini are considered to be sister-groups; the genus Teinopalpus is given tribal status as the sister-group to the Troidini/Papilionini; the Graphiini is the sister-group of the other three tribes. An analysis of relationships among the five genera recognized in the Graphiini suggests that Eurytides and Protographium are sister-taxa, and that Iphiclides is the sister-group of a clade which includes Lamproptera and Graphium. Four subgenera within Graphium are recognized: Pazala, Pathysa, Arisbe, and Graphium. Meandrusa is placed in the Papilionini with Papilio, the latter being retained as a single genus. Two subtribes are recognized in the Troidini, the Battiti, containing only Battus, and the Troiditi, containing six genera. Parides consists of two Old World groups, subgenera Atrophaneura and Panosmia (formerly in the genus Atrophaneura), and Neotropical species (subgenus Parides). Subgenus Atrophaneura is equivalent to the nox group of previous authors; Panosmia is equivalent to the latreillei group. Parides is hypothesized to be the sister-genus of Troides, which contains all the 'birdwings.' The genera Ornithoptera, Ripponia, and Trogonoptera are synonymized with Troides. Pachliopta, comprised of Munroe's Pachliopta plus species (subgenus Losaria) formerly in Atrophaneura, is the sister-group of a clade which includes Cressida and Euryades. A single species, Pharmacophagus antenor--removed from Atrophaneura and given generic status--is the sister-group of all other Troiditi. Area cladograms for genera in the Graphiini and Troidini reveal few patterns, but suggest that some taxa are between 50 and 80 million years old. Available character information for the fossil genus Praepapilio is insufficient to determine its phylogenetic placement with respect to extant Papilionidae"--P. [367]. en_US
dc.format.extent 35273070 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher [New York] : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History ; v. 186, article 4 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QH1 .A4 vol.186, art.4, 1987 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Papilioninae -- Phylogeny. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Papilioninae en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Butterflies -- Phylogeny. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Butterflies en_US
dc.title Phylogenetic studies in the Papilioninae (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Bulletin of the AMNH ; v. 186, article 4 en_US
dc.type text en_US


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  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Bulletin, published continuously since 1881, consists of longer monographic volumes in the field of natural sciences relating to zoology, paleontology, and geology. Current numbers are published at irregular intervals. The Bulletin was originally a place to publish short papers, while longer works appeared in the Memoirs. However, in the 1920s, the Memoirs ceased and the Bulletin series began publishing longer papers. A new series, the Novitates , published short papers describing new forms.

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