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The guardstone spiders of the Phrurotimpus palustris group (Araneae, Phrurolithidae). (American Museum novitates, no. 3944)

Show simple item record Platnick, Norman I. 2019-12-04T20:42:35Z 2019-12-04T20:42:35Z 2019-12-09
dc.description 29 pages : color illustrations, maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description.abstract The type species of Phrurotimpus, Herpyllus alarius Hentz, was based on a female from Alabama; because Hentz's type specimens were destroyed long ago, the identity of this species has been controversial for over a century. Examination of Hentz's original color paintings of his specimen indicates that earlier authors, such as Bishop and Crosby, and Chamberlin and Ivie, were correct in arguing that Emerton erred in assigning the name to a species common in the northeastern United States. Unfortunately, Kaston (who had access only to the published, black-and-white illustrations) subsequently sided with Emerton, and that misidentification has been followed in all more recent literature. Phrurotimpus palustris (Banks) and P. annulatus Chamberlin and Ivie are removed from the synonymy of P. alarius and considered valid. P. palustris refers to the common northeastern species, whereas P. annulatus refers to a sibling species apparently restricted to the southeastern United States; Hentz's P. alarius is a member of a different species group entirely. Four other species are assigned to the palustris group, which is known only from the eastern United States and Canada: P. umbratilis (Bishop and Crosby), P. wallacei (Gertsch, here transferred from Phrurolithus), and two new species: P. sorkini from Georgia and Florida and P. bernikerae from Florida. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Museum of Natural History. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates;no.3944.
dc.subject Phrurotimpus palustris. en_US
dc.subject Phrurotimpus. en_US
dc.subject Phrurolithidae. en_US
dc.subject Spiders. en_US
dc.subject East (U.S.) en_US
dc.subject Canada, Eastern. en_US
dc.title The guardstone spiders of the Phrurotimpus palustris group (Araneae, Phrurolithidae). (American Museum novitates, no. 3944) en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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