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Phylogeny, taxonomic revision, and character evolution of the genera Chiasmocleis and Syncope (Anura, Microhylidae) in Amazonia, with descriptions of three new species. (Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 386)

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dc.contributor.author Peloso, Pedro L. V.
dc.contributor.author Sturaro, Marcelo José.
dc.contributor.author Forlani, Mauricio C.
dc.contributor.author Gaucher, Philippe, 1956-
dc.contributor.author Motta, Ana Paula.
dc.contributor.author Wheeler, Ward.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-25T16:44:16Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-25T16:44:16Z
dc.date.issued 2014-03-20
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/6517
dc.description 96 pages, 15 pages of plates : illustrations (some color), maps ; 26 cm. High-resolution images available online in a supplemental file. en_US
dc.description.abstract A taxonomic assessment of the microhylid genera Chiasmocleis and Syncope occurring in the Amazon basin and Guiana Shield is presented. Syncope Walker, 1973, is considered a junior synonym of Chiasmocleis Méhelÿ, 1904, based on the monophyly of the group as a unit. To avoid secondary homonymy with Syncope carvalhoi Nelson, 1975 (senior homonym), a replacement name, Chiasmocleis lacrimae, nom. nov., is given to Chiasmocleis carvalhoi Cruz, Caramaschi, and Izecksohn, 1997 (junior homonym). From integrative analyses of morphological, acoustic, and a phylogenetic analysis of three genes (two mitochondrial, 16S: up to 557 bp, COI: up to 658 bp; and one nuclear, tyrosinase: up to 532 bp), we recognize 16 species in the area of study, 13 of which were previously known and three are described as new: Chiasmocleis albopunctata; C. anatipes; C. antenori; C. avilapiresae; C. bassleri; C. carvalhoi; C. devriesi; C. haddadi, sp. nov.; C. hudsoni; C. magnova; C. papachibe, sp. nov.; C. royi, sp. nov.; C. shudikarensis; C. supercilialba; C. tridactyla; C. ventrimaculata. Chiasmocleis jimi Caramaschi and Cruz, 2001, is considered a junior synonym of Chiasmocleis hudsoni Parker, 1940. Species accounts are provided for all 16 species, as is a compilation of available data, including type specimens, type localities, morphological diagnoses, variation, tadpoles (only from literature), advertisement calls (calls of several populations described for the first time), and natural history. Photographs and updated data on geographical distributions, with maps, are also provided. The evolution of some phenotypic traits is studied in light of a phylogeny of the group. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Museum of Natural History. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 386. en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.5531/sd.herp.2
dc.subject Chiasmocleis haddadi. en_US
dc.subject Chiasmocleis papachibe. en_US
dc.subject Chiasmocleis royi. en_US
dc.subject Chiasmocleis. en_US
dc.subject Syncope (Frog) en_US
dc.subject Microhylidae. en_US
dc.subject Frogs. en_US
dc.subject Amazon River Region. en_US
dc.subject Guiana Highlands. en_US
dc.title Phylogeny, taxonomic revision, and character evolution of the genera Chiasmocleis and Syncope (Anura, Microhylidae) in Amazonia, with descriptions of three new species. (Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 386) en_US
dc.title.alternative Systematics of Chiasmocleis and Syncope. en_US


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  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Bulletin, published continuously since 1881, consists of longer monographic volumes in the field of natural sciences relating to zoology, paleontology, and geology. Current numbers are published at irregular intervals. The Bulletin was originally a place to publish short papers, while longer works appeared in the Memoirs. However, in the 1920s, the Memoirs ceased and the Bulletin series began publishing longer papers. A new series, the Novitates , published short papers describing new forms.

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