Research Library | Digital Repository

Termites (Isoptera) : their phylogeny, classification, and rise to ecological dominance. (American Museum novitates, no. 3650)

Show simple item record Engel, Michael S. Grimaldi, David A. Krishna, Kumar. 2009-07-09T16:13:23Z 2009-07-09T16:13:23Z 2009
dc.description 27 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. "June 25, 2009." Includes bibliographical references (p. 18-21). en
dc.description.abstract Like ants, termites are entirely eusocial and have profound ecological significance in the tropics. Following upon recent studies reporting more than a quarter of all known fossil termites, we present the first phylogeny of termite lineages using exemplar Cretaceous, Tertiary, and Recent taxa. Relationships among Recent families were largely unaffected by the addition of extinct taxa, but the analysis revealed extensive grades of stem-group taxa and the divergence of some modern families in the Cretaceous. Rhinotermitidae, Serritermitidae, and the "higher" termites (family Termitidae), which comprise 84% of the world termite species, diverged and radiated entirely in the Tertiary, corresponding to a significant increase in termite individuals in the fossil record. Radiation of the higher termites may have affected the formation of terrestrial carbon reserves like oil and coal. The higher classification of Isoptera is slightly revised based on the phylogenetic results. The following new taxa are proposed: Cratomastotermitidae, new family; Euisoptera, new clade; Archotermopsidae, new family; and Neoisoptera, new clade. In addition, the families Stolotermitidae, Stylotermitidae, and Archeorhinotermitidae are newly recognized or resurrected, and the families Termopsidae and Hodotermitidae are significantly restricted in composition. en
dc.description.sponsorship American Museum of Natural History. en
dc.format.extent 466366 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates, no. 3650. en
dc.subject Termites. en
dc.subject Tropics. en
dc.title Termites (Isoptera) : their phylogeny, classification, and rise to ecological dominance. (American Museum novitates, no. 3650) en
dc.title.alternative Phylogeny and evolution of termites. en

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

Show simple item record

Search Entire Repository

Advanced Search


My Account