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Biology and immature stages of the bee Nomioides patruelis (Halictidae, Halictinae, Nomioidini) and of its cleptoparasite, Chiasmognathus pashupati (Apidae, Nomadinae, Ammobatini), with a preliminary phylogeny of the Halictidae based on mature larvae (Apoidea) ; American Museum novitates, no. 3604

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dc.contributor.author Rozen, Jerome G., Jr. (Jerome George), 1928- en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2008-04-11T16:10:34Z
dc.date.available 2008-04-11T16:10:34Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/5903
dc.description 23 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description.abstract Mature larvae and pupae of Nomioides patruelis Cockerell and of its cleptoparasite, Chiasmognathus pashupati Engel, collected from the nesting site near Karachi, Pakistan, are described, providing the first account of the immature stages of the respective genera and the first such account for any Nomioidini. An egg of N. patruelis is also described. An analysis, based on both halictid specimens and descriptions from the literature, reveals that the three subfamilies (Rophitinae, Nomiinae, and Halictinae) of Halictidae can be distinguished on the basis of their mature larvae. A key is provided for their identification. Mature larvae of the tribes of the Halictinae are so similar they cannot be distinguished at present, although studies of additional representatives may yield diagnostic features particularly concerning mandibular anatomy and perhaps body size. Features of the mature larvae when mapped onto a phylogeny of the Halictidae (Pesenko, 2000) provide a hypothesis for the sequence of anatomical changes in the evolution of mature larvae. Observations during excavation of the nesting site provided detailed, if fragmentary, information concerning nest architecture, provisioning, voltinism, and nest parasites of Nomioides paturelis. These are discussed in relation to information concerning other species of Nomioidini from the literature. Chiasmognathus pashupati, like its host, is probably multivoltine. The anatomy of the mature larva is similar to that of other Nomadinae, especially that of Ammobatini; however, the pupa is distinct from those of other known Ammobatini. The mature oocyte of the related C. orientanus (Warncke) from Turkey, described previously (Rozen and Özbek, 2003), is likely to resemble that of C. pashupati.
dc.format.extent 10021094 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, NY : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates, no. 3604 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.3604 2008 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Nomioides patruelis -- Larvae. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Nomioides patruelis en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Chiasmognathus pashupati -- Larvae. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Larvae -- Pakistan -- Karachi Region. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Parasites -- Pakistan -- Karachi Region en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Parasitic insects -- Pakistan -- Karachi Region en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Halictidae -- Phylogeny. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Pakistan -- Karachi Region en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Larvae -- Pakistan -- Karachi Region. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Pakistan -- Karachi Region en_US
dc.title Biology and immature stages of the bee Nomioides patruelis (Halictidae, Halictinae, Nomioidini) and of its cleptoparasite, Chiasmognathus pashupati (Apidae, Nomadinae, Ammobatini), with a preliminary phylogeny of the Halictidae based on mature larvae (Apoidea) ; American Museum novitates, no. 3604 en_US
dc.type text en_US


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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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