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Rock crawlers in Baltic amber (Notoptera, Mantophasmatodea) ; American Museum novitates, no. 3539

Show simple item record Arillo, Antonio. en_US Engel, Michael S. en_US 2006-12-13T21:01:18Z 2006-12-13T21:01:18Z 2006 en_US
dc.description 10 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 8-9). en_US
dc.description.abstract A fourth species of rock crawler (Notoptera: Mantophasmatodea: Mantophasmatidae) is described and figured from an individual preserved in middle Eocene (Lutetian) Baltic amber. Adicophasma grylloblattoides Arillo and Engel, new species, is distinguished from its close relative, A. spinosum Engel and Grimaldi (reinstated), by the reduced pedicel, absence of spines on the maxillae, absence of mesofemoral spination, and proportions of the thoracic segments. The fossil shares with A. spinosum the presence of profemoral spination (confirmed by a new photograph of the holotype) and absence of the dorsal profemoral carina, characters that differentiate Adicophasma from the monotypic Raptophasma; it shares with all Baltic amber Notoptera the absence of the setal fan on the arolium. As noted by previous authors, the former order Mantophasmatodea is related to modern Grylloblattodea, whereas Mesozoic and Paleozoic grylloblattodeans represent a stem group to both. As such, Grylloblattodea and Mantophasmatodea are considered suborders of a single order, Notoptera Crampton (sensu novum), following the recommendation of Engel and Grimaldi (2004). The names for three rock crawlers are emended in order that the specific epithet may match the gender of the generic name: A. spinosum, Mantophasma zephyrum Zompro et al., and Tanzaniophasma subsolanum (Zompro et al.) (nomina emendata). Raptophasmatinae and Ensiferophasmatidae are new synonyms of Mantophasmatidae, while Tanzaniophasmatidae and Austrophasmatidae are newly demoted in rank to a subfamily and tribe of Mantophasmatidae, respectively. A hierarchical classification of Polyneoptera is appended. en_US
dc.format.extent 1272925 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, NY : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates, no. 3539 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.3539 2006 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Adicophasma grylloblattoides. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mantophasmatidae -- Baltic Sea Region. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects, Fossil -- Baltic Sea Region. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Amber fossils -- Baltic Sea Region. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Paleontology -- Eocene -- Baltic Sea Region. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Paleontology -- Baltic Sea Region. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Grylloblattodea -- Phylogeny. en_US
dc.title Rock crawlers in Baltic amber (Notoptera, Mantophasmatodea) ; American Museum novitates, no. 3539 en_US
dc.title.alternative Baltic amber rock crawlers en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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