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External and middle ear characteristics of primates, with reference to tarsier-anthropoid affinities. American Museum novitates ; no. 2787

Show simple item record Packer, David J. en_US Sarmiento, Esteban E. en_US 2005-10-06T18:17:55Z 2005-10-06T18:17:55Z 1984 en_US
dc.description 23 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 21-23). en_US
dc.description.abstract "Otic anatomy has been used to propose two different hypotheses about tarsier-anthropoid affinities: (1) Tarsius and Anthropoidea evolved independently from Paleogene omomyid tarsioids, and (2) Tarsius (or Tarsiidae) and Anthropoidea are phyletic sister groups. The arrangement of otic structures into form-function complexes of the middle and external ear is essential for phylogenetic analysis. Although the middle ear cavities in anthropoids contain mastoid cells not present in Tarsius, the two taxa share tympanic and anterior accessory cavities in a dual cavity-septum configuration. The resonant effects of the two coupled volumes are closely similar in Saimiri and Tarsius despite marked differences in the position of the septum and aditus, suggesting that their middle ear morphology is convergent. Although the intrapetrosal pathway of the internal carotid artery has been described as 'perbullar' in both anthropoids and Tarsius, the artery crosses part of the tympanic cavity (promontory) in platyrrhines but not in Tarsius. Furthermore, a branch of the tympanic nerve passes through the carotid foramen in at least some anthropoids but not the anterolaterally-shifted carotid foramen of Tarsius. The emergence of the internal carotid nerve onto the external aspect of the promontorial canal in tupaiids and probably Rooneyia viejaensis supports Szalay's (1975a) contention that a large promontorial artery links omomyids with living haplorhines. The bony external meatal tube is an adaptation designed to reduce physiological noise in species where the jaw joint borders directly on the external ear. Since the bony meatal tube is characteristic of the rounded and clinocranial skull of Tarsius, the skull of the earliest anthropoids probably did not closely resemble those of Tarsius or Paleogene forms currently recognized as 'tarsioid'"--P. [1]. en_US
dc.format.extent 4933583 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 2787 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.2787, 1984 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Primates -- Anatomy. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Tarsius -- Anatomy. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ear, External. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Middle ear. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ear -- Anatomy. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Primates -- Phylogeny. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mammals -- Anatomy. en_US
dc.title External and middle ear characteristics of primates, with reference to tarsier-anthropoid affinities. American Museum novitates ; no. 2787 en_US
dc.title.alternative Primate auditory characteristics en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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