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The phylogenetic position of Oreopithecus and its significance in the origin of the Hominoidea. American Museum novitates ; no. 2881

Show simple item record Sarmiento, Esteban E. en_US 2005-10-06T18:09:48Z 2005-10-06T18:09:48Z 1987 en_US
dc.description 44 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 36-43). en_US
dc.description.abstract "Since Oreopithecus was first described, its systematic position has been a subject of controversy. Despite the hominoid specializations in its postcrania, those classifications emphasizing the peculiarities in its dentition have arrived at numerous and varied interpretations. A review of the dental features of Oreopithecus, living catarrhines, and some known fossil catarrhines shows that those dental traits which may be used to classify Oreopithecus as either a hominoid, cercopithecoid, or early catarrhine exhibit a large degree of variability. Although only true hominoids exhibit the variability which encompasses all of the features of the Oreopithecus dentition, an early catarrhine or cereopithecoid could have possibly arrived at a similar dentition. The postcrania of Oreopithecus, however, shows conclusive evidence as to its hominoid affinities. As in hominoids, Oreopithecus exhibits the joint complex for forearm and shoulder rotation, both parts of a forelimb specialization which allows hominoids to climb vertical supports of large diameters. The large number of anatomical elements incorporated into this specialization and the one-to-one correspondence of these elements in Oreopithecus and hominoids strongly argue for a uniquely shared evolutionary history. Furthermore, Oreopithecus shares a strikingly large number of traits with a hypothetical ancestor of the pongid-hominid lineage more than any other known fossil form. Nevertheless, the position of Oreopithecus within the hominoids is uncertain. Many of the traits it shares with hylobatids may be expected in an early forerunner of the pongid-hominid lineage. On the other hand, many of those traits it shares with pongids may be expected in a large hylobatid which, due to its size, emphasized slow climbing aspects of its locomotor behavior"--P. 2. en_US
dc.format.extent 8320932 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 2881 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.2881, 1987 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Oreopithecus. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Hominoidea -- Origin. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Primates -- Phylogeny. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Primates, Fossil. en_US
dc.title The phylogenetic position of Oreopithecus and its significance in the origin of the Hominoidea. American Museum novitates ; no. 2881 en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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