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Do ruffed lemurs form a hybrid zone? : distribution and discovery of Varecia, with systematic and conservation implications. American Museum novitates ; no. 3376

Show simple item record Vasey, Natalia. en_US Tattersall, Ian. en_US 2005-10-06T16:41:02Z 2005-10-06T16:41:02Z 2002 en_US
dc.description 26 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 23-26). en_US
dc.description.abstract Since their discovery by Western explorers traveling to Madagascar in the 17th century, the ruffed lemurs have undergone numerous taxonomic revisions. During the 19th and 20th centuries, it was intermittently suggested that black-and-white and red ruffed lemurs hybridize in nature. Despite the fact that a natural hybrid zone has never been documented, this suggestion has played a large role in designating the two forms as subspecies of the single species Varecia variegata. Through a review and synthesis of historical documents, taxonomic literature, museum collections, menagerie and zoo records, recent survey work, genetic data, and vocalization data, we examine the evidence for a natural hybrid zone and suggest taxonomic revisions. Our work indicates a more extensive hybrid zone than previously suggested-but one in which hybridization is the exception rather than the rule. Furthermore, our findings warrant upgrading the black-and-white ruffed lemur and the red ruffed lemur from subspecies to full species, Varecia variegata (Kerr, 1792) and Varecia rubra (E. Geoffroy, 1812). Our results support the current captive breeding practices of U.S. and European zoos participating in the ruffed lemur "Species Survival Plan" and the "European Endangered Species Programme". Lastly, and possibly most importantly, we can now set specific geographic priorities for conserving the habitat of these highly endangered lemurs in northern Madagascar. en_US
dc.format.extent 616247 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, NY : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 3376 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.3376, 2002 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Varecia -- Classification. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Varecia -- Speciation. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Hybridization. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Lemurs -- Classification. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Lemurs -- Speciation. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Endangered species -- Madagascar. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Wildlife conservation -- Madagascar. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Primates -- Madagascar -- Classification. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Primates -- Speciation -- Madagascar. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mammals -- Madagascar -- Classification. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mammals -- Speciation -- Madagascar. en_US
dc.title Do ruffed lemurs form a hybrid zone? : distribution and discovery of Varecia, with systematic and conservation implications. American Museum novitates ; no. 3376 en_US
dc.title.alternative Systematics of Varecia en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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