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Conspectus of Patagonian fossil penguins. American Museum novitates ; no. 2488

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dc.contributor.author Simpson, George Gaylord, 1902- en_US
dc.contributor.author Ameghino, Florentino, 1853-1911. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-06T16:34:35Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-06T16:34:35Z
dc.date.issued 1972 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/2696
dc.description 37 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 35-37). en_US
dc.description.abstract "The known fossil penguins of Argentina are all from the Patagonia Formation, mostly from its basal part, in Chubut and Santa Cruz, probably early Miocene but possibly late Oligocene in age. They are here reviewed on the basis of collections in the American Museum of Natural History, the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, the Museo de La Plata, and the British Museum (Natural History), and of publications mostly by Florentino Ameghino. Four genera are accepted as valid: Palaeospheniscus Moreno and Mercerat, with four accepted species, Chubutodyptes Simpson, with one accepted species, Paraptenodytes Ameghino with three accepted species (one, P. brodkorbi, here new, of dubious reference to this genus), and Arthrodytes Ameghino, with one accepted species. Numerous other names proposed by Ameghino are reduced to synonymy. Palaeospheniscus, the most abundant genus, covers a considerable range in size, and its separable size groups are here considered species. The correct name for the largest size group, hitherto called P. robustus, is P. wimani, as the holotype of robustus belongs in Paraptenodytes. Neculus may be a valid spheniscid genus, but it is virtually undefinable at present. Palaeoapterodytes was based on an error and is unidentifiable. Cruschedula, Cladornis, and Argyrodyptes were not penguins. The average size of the Patagonian fossil penguins is decidedly smaller than the average for their mostly older known relatives from New Zealand, Australia, and Seymour Island, only Arthrodytes grandis being distinctly larger than the living emperor penguin. No Patagonian genus is surely known from any other region. The Patagonian fossil penguin fauna is richer than any other known, fossil or Recent, but it is possible that not all the species were strictly synchronous and sympatric"--P. [1]. en_US
dc.format.extent 3677848 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 2488 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.2488, 1972 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Penguins, Fossil -- Argentina. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Birds, Fossil -- Argentina. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Paleontology -- Tertiary -- Argentina. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Paleontology -- Argentina. en_US
dc.title Conspectus of Patagonian fossil penguins. American Museum novitates ; no. 2488 en_US
dc.title.alternative Fossil penguins en_US
dc.type text en_US


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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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