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Hortipes, a huge genus of tiny Afrotropical spiders (Araneae, Liocranidae). Bulletin of the American AMNH ; no. 256

Show simple item record Bosselaers, Jan, 1952- en_US Jocqué, R. en_US 2006-02-09T21:38:38Z 2006-02-09T21:38:38Z 2000 en_US
dc.description 108 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 104-108). en_US
dc.description.abstract Hortipes Bosselaers and Ledoux (type species Hortipes luytenae Bosselaers and Ledoux from South Africa) is a genus of small (1.5-4 mm), pale, mainly soil-dwelling spiders from sub-Saharan Africa. The genus, which is tentatively placed in the Liocranidae, is characterized by the presence of a peculiar ellipsoidal array of setae on the dorsal side of metatarsi I and II and by the large anterior median eyes with a dark retina restricted to the median portion. Ledoux and Emerit (1998) described five more species from Ivory Coast and Gabon. Sixty-three additional Hortipes species are described here as new: H. platnicki (female), H. castor (male, female), H. pollux (m., f.), H. fastigiensis (m., f.), H. ostiovolutus (m., f.), H. salticola (m., f.), H. exoptans (m., f.), H. scharffi (m., f.), H. cucurbita (m., f.), H. hesperoecius (f.), H. klumpkeae (f.), H. aurora (m., f.), H. echo (f.), H. stoltzei (m.), H. creber (m., f.), H. orchatocnemis (m., f.), H. contubernalis (m., f.), H. mesembrinus (f.), H. coccinatus (m., f.), H. wimmertensi (m., f.), H. irimus (f.), H. licnophorus (f.), H. schoemanae (m., f.), H. aelurisiepae (f.), H. hyakutake (m.), H. rothorum (m.), H. griswoldi (m.), H. oronesiotes (m., f.), H. penthesileia (f.), H. zombaensis (m., f.), H. atalante (f.), H. merwei (m., f.), H. leno (m., f.), H. mulciber (f.), H. libidinosus (m., f.), H. delphinus (m., f.), H. bjorni (m.), H. amphibolus (f.), H. hastatus (m., f.), H. horta (f.), H. angariopsis (f.), H. falcatus (m., f.), H. lejeunei (m., f.), H. narcissus (m., f.), H. auriga (m.), H. puylaerti (f.), H. chrysothemis (f.), H. machaeropolion (m., f.), H. centralis (f.), H. tarachodes (m., f.), H. terminator (m.), H. baerti (m.), H. robertus (m., f.), H. abucoletus (f.), H. alderweireldti (m.), H. architelones (m., f.), H. calliblepharus (m.), H. fortipes (m.), H. bosmansi (m., f.), H. sceptrum (m., f.), H. anansiodatus (f.), H. hormigricola (m., f.), and H. depravator (m.). The genus has a vast Afrotropical distribution, occurring from as far south as East London in South Africa to Sierra Leone in western Africa. So far, no specimens are available from northeastern tropical Africa. Apart from H. merwei, which seems to prefer grassland, all species are found in leaf litter or the canopy of different kinds of forests and dense thickets. In captivity, H. contubernalis readily fed on Collembola. Specimens raised from cocoons obtained in the laboratory reached adulthood after three molts. A cladistic analysis of the 34 species for which both sexes are known, largely based on secondary genitalic characters, is proposed. en_US
dc.format.extent 3029164 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher [New York] : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History ; no. 256 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QH1 .A4 no.256 2000 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Hortipes. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Spiders -- Africa, Sub-Saharan. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Arachnida -- Africa, Sub-Saharan. en_US
dc.title Hortipes, a huge genus of tiny Afrotropical spiders (Araneae, Liocranidae). Bulletin of the American AMNH ; no. 256 en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Bulletin, published continuously since 1881, consists of longer monographic volumes in the field of natural sciences relating to zoology, paleontology, and geology. Current numbers are published at irregular intervals. The Bulletin was originally a place to publish short papers, while longer works appeared in the Memoirs. However, in the 1920s, the Memoirs ceased and the Bulletin series began publishing longer papers. A new series, the Novitates , published short papers describing new forms.

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