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Partition of the Australopapuan microhylid frog genus Sphenophryne with descriptions of new species. Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 253

Show simple item record Zweifel, Richard George, 1926- en_US 2005-10-06T15:37:51Z 2005-10-06T15:37:51Z 2000 en_US
dc.description 130 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 126-130). en_US
dc.description.abstract Parker (1934) distinguished Sphenophryne from other genera of the Genyophryninae (Spenophryninae in his work) by its pectoral girdle having a more nearly complete complement of bony and cartilaginous elements. Otherwise, the species he placed there were a diverse lot, including ones adapted for climbing, for living in or on leaf litter, or for a cryptic,even burrowing existence. The characteristics of the pectoral girdle are primitive compared to those of other genyophrynine genera, which have reduced or lost one or more of the elements. Thus, the common possession of a primitive girdle is inadequate as the sole character defining the genus. In the present work I review species with the supposedly diagnostic character of Sphenophryne and recognize four genera: Sphenophryne (monotypic), and three removed from synonymy-Austrochaperina (23 species), Liophryne (6 species), and Oxydactyla (5 species). The characters I use to define the genera are for the most part closely tied to the habits of the species and thus are subject to the criticism that homoplasy rather than synapomorphy is demonstrated. Regardless, the probability that the new arrangement identifies four monophyletic lines is considerably greater than the Sphenophryne, as it has been constituted, is monophyletic. Sphenophryne, Liophryne, and Oxydactyla are confined to New Guinea. Austrocaperina has one species on New Britain, four endemic to northern Australia, one shared between Australia and New Guinea, and 18 on New Guinea and adjacent islands. The genus and species Microbatrachus pusillus, based on a hatchling from the Aru Islands, are considered unidentifiable. Of the 35 species recognized, 17 are described as new and one is removed from synonymy. en_US
dc.format.extent 1964134 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher [New York] : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History ; no. 253 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QH1 .A4 no.253 2000 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Sphenophryne. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Microhylidae -- New Guinea. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Microhylidae -- Australia. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Frogs -- New Guinea. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Frogs -- Australia. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Amphibians -- New Guinea. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Amphibians -- Australia. en_US
dc.title Partition of the Australopapuan microhylid frog genus Sphenophryne with descriptions of new species. Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 253 en_US
dc.title.alternative Partition of Sphenophryne. en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Bulletin, published continuously since 1881, consists of longer monographic volumes in the field of natural sciences relating to zoology, paleontology, and geology. Current numbers are published at irregular intervals. The Bulletin was originally a place to publish short papers, while longer works appeared in the Memoirs. However, in the 1920s, the Memoirs ceased and the Bulletin series began publishing longer papers. A new series, the Novitates , published short papers describing new forms.

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