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The first Tertiary fossils of mammals, turtles, and fish from Canada's Yukon. (American Museum novitates, no. 3943)

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dc.contributor.author Eberle, Jaelyn.
dc.contributor.author Hutchison, J. Howard (John Howard), 1939-
dc.contributor.author Kennedy, Kristen.
dc.contributor.author Koenigswald, Wighart von.
dc.contributor.author MacPhee, R. D. E.
dc.contributor.author Zazula, Grant D.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-30T15:29:46Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-30T15:29:46Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10-31
dc.identifier.uri http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6967
dc.description 28 pages : illustrations (some color), color map ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description.abstract Despite over a century of prospecting and field research, fossil vertebrates are exceedingly rare in Paleogene and Neogene rocks in northern Canada's Yukon Territory. Here, we describe the first records of probable Neogene vertebrate fossils from the territory, including tooth fragments of a rhinocerotid, a partial calcaneum of an artiodactyl, shell fragments of the pond turtle Chrysemys s.l. and tortoise Hesperotestudo, and a fragment of a palatine of Esox (pike). Although the tooth fragments cannot be identified solely by traditional paleontological means, we use tooth enamel microstructure, and primarily the presence of vertical Hunter-Schreger bands, to refer them to the Rhinocerotidae. As the only known record of the Rhinocerotidae in North America's western Arctic, the tooth fragments from the Wolf Creek site support the hypothesis that the clade dispersed between Asia and North America across Beringia. The fossils are consistent with a Miocene age for the Wolf Creek site that is inferred from radiometric dates of the Miles Canyon basalt flows in the vicinity of the fossil locality. Further, the tortoise and pond turtle fossils indicate a mild climate in the Yukon at the time, consistent with the vegetation reconstructions of others that indicate a warmer, wetter world in the Miocene than today. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Museum of Natural History. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates;no.3943.
dc.subject Paleontology -- Miocene. en_US
dc.subject Mammals, Fossil. en_US
dc.subject Turtles, Fossil. en_US
dc.subject Fishes, Fossil. en_US
dc.subject Esox. en_US
dc.subject Rhinoceroses, Fossil. en_US
dc.subject Rhinoceroses -- Dispersal. en_US
dc.subject Paleoecology -- Miocene. en_US
dc.subject Whitehorse Region (Yukon) en_US
dc.subject Yukon. en_US
dc.title The first Tertiary fossils of mammals, turtles, and fish from Canada's Yukon. (American Museum novitates, no. 3943) en_US
dc.title.alternative First Tertiary fossils from Yukon. en_US


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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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