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Hirtodrosophila of North America (Diptera, Drosophilidae). (Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 421)

Show simple item record Grimaldi, David A. 2018-06-22T15:29:42Z 2018-06-22T15:29:42Z 2018-06-21
dc.description 75 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description.abstract Species concepts are morphologically revised and updated for members of the mycophagous genus Hirtodrosophila Duda that occur in America north of Mexico. Photomicrographs of external features, illustrations of male and female terminalia, and detailed descriptions are provided for 12 species. One species, H. cinerea (Patterson and Wheeler) is known only from the original description; its status is uncertain. Species exclusively from the southwestern United States are H. grisea (Patterson and Wheeler), H. longala (Patterson and Wheeler), and H. orbospiracula (Patterson and Wheeler). Hirtodrosophila alabamensis (Sturtevant) and H. duncani (Sturtevant) are widespread throughout the eastern half of North America; the latter species is morphologically disparate for Hirtodrosophila but provisionally retained in the genus. Hirtodrosophila chagrinensis (Stalker and Spencer) is very rare, known only from two female specimens from the northern United States. Hirtodrosophila ordinaria (Coquillett) is the most widespread species of the genus in North America, occurring throughout the northern half of the continent up to Alaska; H. shaitanensis (Sidorenko) from far eastern Russia may be a junior synonym. A preliminary scheme of relationships in the H. melanderi species group (including H. ordinaria) is presented. Two species from Florida (H. pictiventris (Duda), H. prognatha (Sturtevant)) and one from Florida plus other Gulf states (H. thoracis (Williston)) are widespread throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and portions of South America. Hirtodrosophila mendeli (Mourão et al.), from Brazil, may be a junior synonym of H. prognatha. Two new species are described from southern Florida: H. florida, n. sp., and H. jaenikei n. sp., the latter in the nigrohalterata species complex. A key to the North American species is provided. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Museum of Natural History. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History;no.421.
dc.subject Hirtodrosophila. en_US
dc.subject Hirtodrosophila florida. en_US
dc.subject Hirtodrosophila jaenikei. en_US
dc.subject Drosophilidae. en_US
dc.subject Mycophagous insects. en_US
dc.subject United States. en_US
dc.subject Canada. en_US
dc.subject Florida. en_US
dc.title Hirtodrosophila of North America (Diptera, Drosophilidae). (Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 421) en_US
dc.title.alternative North American Hirtodrosophila. en_US

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  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Bulletin, published continuously since 1881, consists of longer monographic volumes in the field of natural sciences relating to zoology, paleontology, and geology. Current numbers are published at irregular intervals. The Bulletin was originally a place to publish short papers, while longer works appeared in the Memoirs. However, in the 1920s, the Memoirs ceased and the Bulletin series began publishing longer papers. A new series, the Novitates , published short papers describing new forms.

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