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Revision of the Drosophila bromeliae species group (Diptera, Drosophilidae). Central American, Caribbean, and Andean species. (American Museum novitates, no. 3859)

Show simple item record Grimaldi, David A. 2016-05-26T21:09:25Z 2016-05-26T21:09:25Z 2016-05-26
dc.description 55 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description.abstract Species in the Drosophila bromeliae group visit flowers, where most or all of the species probably breed. They are not collected in significant numbers. The group has thus far included five Neotropical species: aguape Val and Marques, 1996 (from southern Brazil), bromeliae Sturtevant, 1921 (Cuba), bromelioides Pavan and Cunha, 1947 (Brazil), florae Sturtevant, 1921 (type locality Cuba, also reported from the Caribbean and Central Ameria), and speciose Silva and Martins, 2004 (northern Brazil). Based on specimens from various museums, collections by the author, and detailed study of some types, the following revisions are made to the group: Drosophila florae is known only on the basis of the holotype female from Cuba, and bromeliae is widespread throughout Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America; both species are redescribed in detail. Nine new species are described: Drosophila billheedi, n. sp. (from Trinidad); D. manni, n. sp. (Bolivia); D. mexiflora, n. sp. (Mexico, possibly Jamaica); D. paramanni, n. sp. (Costa Rica); D. penispina, n. sp. (Dominican Republic and Costa Rica); D. sevensteri, n. sp. (Panama); D. starki, n. sp. (Dominican Republic); D. stylipennis, n. sp. (Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico); and D. thurstoni, n. sp. (Jamaica). Four additional species are reported but not described since they are based just on females. Brazilian/Amazonian species will be treated separately. Intra- and interspecific geographic variation is documented in widespread species, the immature stages of Drosophila bromeliae are described in detail, and a key to species based on adult males is provided to facilitate identification of these very similar species. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Museum of Natural History. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates;no.3859.
dc.subject Drosophila bromeliae. en_US
dc.subject Drosophila. en_US
dc.subject Central America. en_US
dc.subject Caribbean Area. en_US
dc.subject Andes Region. en_US
dc.title Revision of the Drosophila bromeliae species group (Diptera, Drosophilidae). Central American, Caribbean, and Andean species. (American Museum novitates, no. 3859) en_US
dc.title.alternative Central American, Caribbean, and Andean species. en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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