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Hesperapis rhodocerata : behavioral biology, egg, and larval instars, including behavioral and larval comparisons with H. larreae (Hymenoptera, Melittidae, Dasypodainae). (American Museum novitates, no. 3856)

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dc.contributor.author Rozen, Jerome G., Jr. (Jerome George), 1928-
dc.contributor.author Stage, Gerald Irving, 1935-2014.
dc.contributor.author Snelling, Roy R.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-13T22:13:23Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-13T22:13:23Z
dc.date.issued 2016-04-13
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/6646
dc.description 19 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 26 cm. Portion of an unpublished, undated and untitled manuscript on the biology of the bee genus Hesperapis, by Gerry I. Stage and Roy R. Snelling, available in a supplemental file. en_US
dc.description.abstract This paper reports on a large nesting site of the ground-nesting solitary bee Hesperapis (Carinapis) rhodocerata (Cockerell) from southern New Mexico first discovered in the late summer of 2010 and active again in late summer 2015. Because the site was visited annually during intervening years without observation of any specimens, the species is believed to sustain a multiyear diapause that is broken in response to rain. It is judged to be univoltine, and females at the site collect pollen from Heterotheca (Asteraceae). Nests are briefly described as are the nest-digging behavior and pollen-transport system of females. The feeding behavior of larvae involves grazing on the surface of the food sphere, thus reducing its diameter. This is accomplished with the aid of paired ventral tubercles on each of the three thoracic and first eight abdominal segments and a single median ventral tubercle on the ninth abdominal segment. The second and last larval instars are described and illustrated. The first instar is essentially identical to the second instar except for size. Mature larvae are similar to other known Hesperapis larvae. The strongly curved egg of H. rhodocerata is described and illustrated with a diagram and SEM micrographs of the micropyle. Because the last larval instar does not spin a cocoon and freshly constructed brood cells are unlined by females, questions are evoked concerning humidity control and parasite exclusion during the long diapause of mature larvae. This information is compared with and found in some ways different from that uncovered in an earlier study of H. (Amblyapis) larreae Cockerell. It is hypothesized that the clear thin transparent material covering the postdefecating larva of H. rhodocerata may function to inhibit desiccation and furthermore may be the same material that hardens and waterproofs the cell walls of other congeneric species including H. larreae, thereby serving a similar function but in a different way. Because too few mature larvae of H. larreae had been collected at the time of drafting the study of that species, their description is added here as an addendum. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Museum of Natural History. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates;no.3856.
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.5531/sd.sp.17
dc.subject Hesperapis rhodocerata. en_US
dc.subject Hesperapis larreae. en_US
dc.subject Hesperapis. en_US
dc.subject Bees. en_US
dc.subject Nests. en_US
dc.subject Larvae. en_US
dc.subject Behavior. en_US
dc.subject New Mexico. en_US
dc.title Hesperapis rhodocerata : behavioral biology, egg, and larval instars, including behavioral and larval comparisons with H. larreae (Hymenoptera, Melittidae, Dasypodainae). (American Museum novitates, no. 3856) en_US


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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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