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A pre-Hispanic chiefdom in Barinas, Venezuela : excavations at Gaván-complex sites. (Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 100)

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dc.contributor.author Spencer, Charles S. (Charles Sidney)
dc.contributor.author Redmond, Elsa M.
dc.contributor.author Duncan, William N.
dc.contributor.author Berrizbeitia, Emily L. de.
dc.contributor.author Sifontes G., Ramón.
dc.contributor.author Schubert, Carlos, 1938-
dc.contributor.author Gassón, Rafael.
dc.contributor.author Rinaldi, Milagro.
dc.contributor.author Bonzani, Renée M., 1962-
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-20T23:51:58Z
dc.date.available 2014-11-20T23:51:58Z
dc.date.issued 2014-11-21
dc.identifier.isbn 9780985201647
dc.identifier.isbn 0985201649
dc.identifier.other http://dx.doi.org/10.5531/sp.anth.0100
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/6559
dc.description 2 volumes (896 pages) : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description.abstract Between 1983 and 1992, the authors conducted an archaeological project that involved five years of survey and excavation in a 450 km² study region that included portions of the high llanos (savanna grasslands) and adjacent Andean piedmont in the state of Barinas, Venezuela. Fieldwork (in 1983-1988) was followed by four years of laboratory analysis in the Departamento de Antropología at the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas (IVIC) in Altos de Pipe, state of Miranda. Our project was designed to investigate whether during pre-Hispanic times the study region had witnessed the development of a chiefdom, which we defined as a regional (multivillage) polity led by a paramount chief who ruled from a regional center and presided over a chiefly administration that was centralized but not internally specialized.... Our fieldwork comprised three seasons of regional survey, during the summer months of 1983-1985, followed by two dry seasons (January-May) of excavation in 1986 and 1988. On survey we recorded a total of 103 archaeological sites in our study region that was centered on the Canaguá River valley, extending across the high llanos (savanna grasslands) and adjacent Andean piedmont. Site occupations pertained to two chronological periods: an early period dating to A.D. 300-1000 and a later period dating to A.D. 1000-1850, taking our coverage into the early historic period. We called the earlier of these occupations on the high llanos the Gaván complex, divided into the Early Gaván phase (A.D. 300-550) and the Late Gavaán phase (A.D. 550-1000), the latter of which exhibited many of the characteristics consistent with the expected archaeological manifestations of a chiefly society. There was convincing evidence of a regional hierarchy.... en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Museum of Natural History. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 100. en_US
dc.subject Indians of South America. en_US
dc.subject Chiefdoms. en_US
dc.subject Social structure. en_US
dc.subject Excavations (Archaeology) en_US
dc.subject Social archaeology. en_US
dc.subject Barinas (Venezuela : State) en_US
dc.subject Venezuela. en_US
dc.title A pre-Hispanic chiefdom in Barinas, Venezuela : excavations at Gaván-complex sites. (Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 100) en_US
dc.title.alternative Excavations at Gaván-complex sites. en_US


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  • Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Anthropological Papers, published continuously since 1907, are monographic volumes that include some of the great ethnographies of the 20th century, particularly on North American Indians. Several illustrious anthropologists published their work in the Anthropological Papers, as well as many past and present curators of the AMNH Division of Anthropology. Prior to 1930, large special reports were published in the Memoirs.

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