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The Caribbean goblin spider genera Scaphioides and Hortoonops (Araneae, Oonopidae). (American Museum novitates, no. 3751)

Show simple item record Platnick, Norman I. Dupérré, N. (Nadine) 2012-07-23T18:32:33Z 2012-07-23T18:32:33Z 2012-07-20
dc.description 62 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description.abstract The genus Scaphioides Bryant contains species that resemble those of Stenoonops Simon but lack the sternal and palpal synapomorphies of that genus and have a longitudinal ridge on the male endites, a short, wide male embolus, and a more heavily sclerotized epigastric scutum in females. As delimited by those characters, the genus is circum-Caribbean in distribution and contains at least 19 species, including 11 described as new: S. campeche from the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, S. irazu from Costa Rica, S. bimini and S. gertschi from the Bahama Islands, S. camaguey, S. granpiedra, S. siboney, S. cobre, and S. yateras from Cuba, S. miches from Hispaniola, and S. reductoides from the Virgin Islands. The male of S. halatus (Chickering) is described for the first time. A new genus, Hortoonops, is established for three similar Caribbean species that lack the synapomorphies of both Stenoonops and Scaphioides, but are united by peculiar excavations on the anterior metatarsi that represent an extraordinary convergence with the structures found in the African corinnid genus Hortipes Bosselaers and Ledoux. Stenoonops lucradus Chickering from the Virgin Islands and Stenoonops portoricensis Petrunkevitch from Puerto Rico are transferred to Hortoonops, and a new species, H. excavatus, is described from Hispaniola. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Museum of Natural History. en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates, no. 3751. en_US
dc.subject Scaphioides. en_US
dc.subject Hortoonops. en_US
dc.subject Oonopidae. en_US
dc.subject Caribbean Area. en_US
dc.subject Spiders. en_US
dc.title The Caribbean goblin spider genera Scaphioides and Hortoonops (Araneae, Oonopidae). (American Museum novitates, no. 3751) en_US
dc.title.alternative Scaphioides and Hortoonops. en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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