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On the cranial osteology of Chiroptera. 1, Pteropus (Megachiroptera, Pteropodidae). Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 295

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dc.contributor.author Giannini, Norberto P.
dc.contributor.author Wible, John R.
dc.contributor.author Simmons, Nancy B.
dc.date.accessioned 2006-01-17T17:28:56Z
dc.date.available 2006-01-17T17:28:56Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/5677
dc.description 134 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. en
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 115-119). en
dc.description.abstract "Although detailed anatomical descriptions of skull morphology are available for representatives of many mammalian orders, no such descriptive work exists for bats, a group that comprises over 20% of extant mammalian species. In this paper, we provide a detailed description of the skull of Pteropus (Mammalia: Chiroptera: Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae) and establish a system of cranial nomenclature following the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria. Based on a series of specimens of Pteropus lylei, we describe the skull as a whole and the morphology of external surfaces of 24 bones (7 rostral, 16 cranial, plus the mandible) and 17 teeth. We describe internal surfaces and additional bones of disarticulated skulls of Pteropus livingstonii and use material from the same species to describe the middle ear ossicles and the petrosal bone. We include a description of the hyoid apparatus and larynx based on Pteropus tonganus and a description of the deciduous dentition based on Pteropus hypomelanus. Using a sectioned fetus, we determine the content and homology of all cranial foramina present in the skull of Pteropus. We outline the ontogenetic changes from newborn pups to adults, considering changes in skull shape and the sequence of bone fusion and tooth eruption. Based on selected comparisons to other megabats, we discuss broad patterns of variation in general cranial shape, and interspecific variation in sutures, foramina, processes, and dentition. Overall, this work establishes a descriptive and nomenclatorial benchmark for chiropteran skull anatomy in line with similar works in other mammalian orders, with the aim of creating common ground for comparative, phylogenetic, and functional studies of the bat skull, including comparisons with other mammals"--P. 4. en
dc.format.extent 10085086 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher New York, NY : American Museum of Natural History en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History ; no. 295 en
dc.subject.lcc QH1 .A4 no.295, 2006 en
dc.subject.lcsh Flying foxes -- Anatomy. en
dc.subject.lcsh Skull -- Anatomy. en
dc.subject.lcsh Pteropodidae -- Anatomy. en
dc.subject.lcsh Bats -- Anatomy. en
dc.subject.lcsh Bats -- Phylogeny. en
dc.subject.lcsh Ontogeny. en
dc.title On the cranial osteology of Chiroptera. 1, Pteropus (Megachiroptera, Pteropodidae). Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 295 en
dc.title.alternative Pteropus (Megachiroptera, Pteropodidae) en
dc.title.alternative Cranial osteology of Chiroptera en
dc.title.alternative Cranial osteology of Pteropus en
dc.type text en


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  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Bulletin, published continuously since 1881, consists of longer monographic volumes in the field of natural sciences relating to zoology, paleontology, and geology. Current numbers are published at irregular intervals. The Bulletin was originally a place to publish short papers, while longer works appeared in the Memoirs. However, in the 1920s, the Memoirs ceased and the Bulletin series began publishing longer papers. A new series, the Novitates , published short papers describing new forms.

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