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The interrelationships of higher ruminant families : with special emphasis on the members of the Cervoidea. American Museum novitates ; no. 2893

Show simple item record Janis, Christine M. (Christine Marie), 1950- en_US Scott, Kathleen M. (Kathleen Marie) en_US 2005-10-06T18:08:06Z 2005-10-06T18:08:06Z 1987 en_US
dc.description 85 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 80-85). en_US
dc.description.abstract "We analyze the interrelationships of the higher (Pecoran) ruminants, and suggest possible relationships between these families and the various genera of the polyphyletic assemblage 'Gelocidae.' We also review the developmental processes of the cranial appendages of the living horned ruminant families, and conclude that giraffid ossicones, bovid horns, and cervid antlers cannot be considered to be homologous with each other. The characters that have been used in the past and in this paper to distinguish pecoran families are discussed and evaluated. Within living pecoran families the Giraffidae are the most primitive, and the Moschidae and Antilocapridae are conjoined with the Cervidae in the superfamily Cervoidea, with antilocaprids being closer to cervids than are moschids. The Moschidae includes Moschus, the extinct European genera Dremotherium, Micromeryx, and Hispanomeryx, and the North American blastomerycids. The Cervoidea includes the primitive extinct Eurasian genera Eumeryx and Rutitherium, and (more closely related to the other cervoids) the extinct African genus Walangania. The grouping Eucervoidea is proposed for a clade within the Cervoidea containing the Antilocapridae, the Cervidae, and the extinct families Palaeomerycidae and Hoplitomerycidae (which are deemed as closer to the Cervidae than are the Antilocapridae). The Palaeomerycidae contains the Old World genera Palaeomeryx, Amphitragulus, possibly also Prolibytherium, and the North American dromomerycids. The Hoplitomerycidae contains the European genera Hoplitomeryx and Amphimoschus. The European genus Triceromeryx remains as cervoid incertae sedis. A superfamily Giraffoidea is proposed to include the Giraffidae, the extinct family Climacoceridae, and possibly also the extinct African genus Propalaeoryx"--P. 2. en_US
dc.format.extent 13395466 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 2893 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.2893, 1987 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ruminants -- Phylogeny. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ruminants -- Classification. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cervoidea -- Classification. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ruminants, Fossil. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mammals -- Phylogeny. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mammals -- Classification. en_US
dc.title The interrelationships of higher ruminant families : with special emphasis on the members of the Cervoidea. American Museum novitates ; no. 2893 en_US
dc.title.alternative Ruminant phylogeny en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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