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Eggs, ovariole numbers, and modes of parasitism of cleptoparasitic bees, with emphasis on neotropical species (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). American Museum novitates ; no. 3413

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dc.contributor.author Rozen, Jerome G., Jr. (Jerome George), 1928- en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-06T16:40:07Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-06T16:40:07Z
dc.date.issued 2003 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/2839
dc.description 36 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 32-34). en_US
dc.description.abstract "The shapes, sizes, and chorionic ornamentation of mature oocytes/eggs are described along with ovariole and mature oocyte numbers of six lineages of primarily South American cleptoparasitic bees. This information is related to whether the eggs are introduced into brood chambers that are still open and being provisioned by the host female or whether the chambers have already been closed by the host females. The lineages, all in the Apidae, are as follows: (1) Kelita (Nomadinae: Brachynomadini), (2) Isepeolus and Melectoides (Apinae: Isepeolini), (3) Leiopodus (Apinae: Protepeolini), (4) Rhathymus (Apinae: Rhathymini), (5) Mesoplia and Epiclopus (Apinae: Ericrocidini), and (6) Exaerete (Apinae: Euglossini). A table in the section on Discussion and Analyses summarizes information on mature oocyte/egg size (egg index), total number of mature oocytes, mature oocytes per ovariole, and ovariole number (ovariole formula) for all taxa of cleptoparasites, worldwide, that have been studied to date. It shows that almost all of the Nomadinae have more than the plesiomorphic number of ovarioles, a feature also found in two of the three studied genera of the Ericrocidini. All other cleptoparasitic lineages lack extra ovarioles. The potential selective advantage of extra ovarioles is discussed. Also discussed is whether the large number of mature oocytes carried by cleptoparasites might result, in part, from the length of time required for chorion deposition after the oocytes reach maturity. The table shows not only that the mature oocytes/eggs of cleptoparasitic bees in general tend to be smaller than those of solitary bees, but that the mature oocytes/eggs of those cleptoparasites that hide their eggs in open host brood cells are significantly smaller than those that introduce their eggs into cells that have been closed by the host. The potential selective advantages of small egg size in cleptoparasitism are explored. Lastly, the unusual modified shapes of mature oocytes/eggs and the thick chorions of cleptoparasites that oviposit in open host cells are attributed to ways of protecting the eggs from discovery and damage by returning host females. Appended is a scanning electron micrograph of the micropyle of the North American Stelis elongativentris Parker (Megachilidae: Anthidiini), the ovariole and oocyte statistics of which have been published earlier. Also appended are a description and illustrations of the oocyte of Coelioxys novomexicana Cockerell (Megachilidae: Megachilini)"--P. 3. en_US
dc.format.extent 4557433 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, NY : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 3413 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.3413, 2003 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Apidae -- Eggs. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Apidae -- Anatomy. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Apidae -- Behavior. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Eggs -- America. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- America -- Anatomy. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Behavior -- America. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Parasitic insects -- Eggs -- America. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Parasitic insects -- Behavior -- America. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Host-parasite relationships. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Eggs -- America. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- America -- Anatomy. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Behavior -- America. en_US
dc.title Eggs, ovariole numbers, and modes of parasitism of cleptoparasitic bees, with emphasis on neotropical species (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). American Museum novitates ; no. 3413 en_US
dc.title.alternative Eggs of cleptoparasitic bees en_US
dc.type text en_US


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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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