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Modifiability of schooling behavior in fishes : the role of early experience. American Museum novitates ; no. 2448

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dc.contributor.author Williams, Madelaine M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Shaw, Evelyn S. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-06T16:33:10Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-06T16:33:10Z
dc.date.issued 1971 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/2657
dc.description 19 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 18-19). en_US
dc.description.abstract "More than one thousand Menidia menidia, a schooling fish, were reared from the embryonic stage to the schooling stage under two environmental conditions, namely, together in aquarium tanks and separately in styrofoam cups. Many individually reared fish, the isolates, were given a single exposure with age peers at some point during their development. A number of individually reared fish that had contact showed behavioral modifications when compared with the isolates that were not given such an experience. Schooling behavior was modified among the isolates. Withdrawal behavior, which normally decreases when the schooling tendency is established continued to be seen at a significantly high level during the schooling phase. A new behavior, named lateral turning, was observed. Apparently, as a consequence of the continued high withdrawal rate and the lateral turning, the schooling organization was different among the isolates when compared with the schooling organization of the fish reared together in aquarium tanks"--P. 18. en_US
dc.format.extent 1455863 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 2448 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.2448, 1971 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Atlantic silverside -- Schooling. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Atlantic silverside -- Development. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Atlantic silverside -- Behavior. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fishes -- Schooling en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fishes -- Behavior. en_US
dc.title Modifiability of schooling behavior in fishes : the role of early experience. American Museum novitates ; no. 2448 en_US
dc.title.alternative Schooling fishes en_US
dc.type text en_US


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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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