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New World pholcid spiders (Araneae, Pholcidae) : a revision at generic level. Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 254

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dc.contributor.author Huber, Bernhard A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-06T15:37:54Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-06T15:37:54Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/1601
dc.description 348 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 337-341) and index. en_US
dc.description.abstract "New World pholcids are revised at the generic level, with an emphasis on South America. A total of 47 extant genera occur in the New World, 22 of which are newly described. A preliminary key to the genera of the New World is presented. Redescriptions are given for 11 genera and for 59 species, and 106 species are newly described. Three generic names and 14 specific names are newly synonymized ... A numerical cladistic analysis is performed using a matrix of 61 taxa (48 of them New World pholcids) and 61 morphological characters. The main results of the analysis are as follows: (1) Pholcids are strongly supported as a monophyletic group. (2) Phoicids are separated into the following clades, which are tentatively named to emphasize their character as a working hypothesis: 'ninetines,' 'pholcines' (Metagonia Simon and the Pholcus group sensu Huber), 'holocnemines' (Holocnemus group sensu Timm, Artema Walckenaer, Physocyclus Simon, and Priscula Simon), and the 'New World clade.' Their interrelationships are not definitively resolved. (3) New World pholcids are an assemblage of representatives of all major clades within the family, but most genera are part of the New World clade, which is the only clade restricted to the New World. (4) A hypothesis concerning the evolutionary transformation of characters is given for 41 of the 54 traits scored that vary among pholcids. The following names are newly synonymized: Anomalaia González-Sponga, 1998, with Metagonia Simon, 1893; Blechroscelis Simon, 1893, with Priscula Simon, 1893; Myrmidonella Berland, 1919, with Ninetis Simon, 1890; Blechroscelis coeruleus (Keyserling, 1891), with Coryssocnemis (now Mesabolivar) togatus (Keyserling, 1891); Blechroscelis irroratus Mello-Leitão, 1947, Psilochorus browningi Roewer, 1951, and Blechroscelis virescens Mello-Leitão, 1947, with Blechroscelis (now Mesabolivar) aurantiacus (Mello-Leitão, 1930); Blechroscelis viridis Mello-Leitão, 1918, with Litoporus (now Mesabolivar) brasiliensis (Moenkhaus, 1898); Hypsorinus conwayi Mello-Leitão, 1947, with Priscula binghamae (Chamberlin, 1916); Priscula ranchograndensis González-Sponga, 1996, with Priscula venezuelana Simon, 1893; Litoporus abrahami Mello-Leitão, 1947, with Coryssocnemis (now Litoporus) uncatus (Simon, 1893); Litoporus coccineus Simon, 1893, Litoporus imbecillus (Keyserling, 1891), and Litoporus fulvus Moenkhaus, 1898, with Litoporus (now Mesabolivar) luteus (Keyserling, 1891); Micromerys occidentalis (Mello-Leitão, 1929), with Micropholcus fauroti (Simon, 1887); Pholcus dubiomaculatus Mello-Leitão, 1918, with Pholcus phalangioides (Fuesslin, 1775); Physocyclus dubius Mello-Leitão, 1922, with Physocyclus globosus (Taczanowski, 1874)"--P. 4. en_US
dc.format.extent 8222006 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher [New York] : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History ; no. 254 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QH1 .A4 no.254, 2000 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Pholcidae -- South America en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Pholcidae -- America en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Spiders -- South America en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Spiders -- America en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Arachnida -- South America en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Arachnida -- America en_US
dc.title New World pholcid spiders (Araneae, Pholcidae) : a revision at generic level. Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 254 en_US
dc.type text en_US


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  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Bulletin, published continuously since 1881, consists of longer monographic volumes in the field of natural sciences relating to zoology, paleontology, and geology. Current numbers are published at irregular intervals. The Bulletin was originally a place to publish short papers, while longer works appeared in the Memoirs. However, in the 1920s, the Memoirs ceased and the Bulletin series began publishing longer papers. A new series, the Novitates , published short papers describing new forms.

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