Systematics of the New World nectar-feeding bats (Mammalia, Phyllostomidae), based on the morphology of the hyoid and lingual regions. American Museum novitates ; no. 2742

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dc.contributor.author Griffiths, Thomas Alan. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-06T18:13:48Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-06T18:13:48Z
dc.date.issued 1982 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/5298
dc.description 45 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographica references (p. 43-45). en_US
dc.description.abstract "Dissection and histological examination of the hyoid and lingual regions of the New World nectar-feeding bats reveal marked modification of the tongue-retractor musculature (Mm. sternohyoideus, geniohyoideus, hyoglossus, styloglossus, and genioglossus) and modification of the internal and external tongue structure from the conditions found in non-nectar-feeding bats. Use of these derived characters in a cladistic analysis leads to the phylogenetic hypothesis that nectivory evolved twice independently in the family Phyllostomidae. One group of nectar-feding phyllostomids, comprising the genera Lonchophylla, Lionycteris, and Platalina (traditionally considered glossophagines) deserves separate subfamilial status based on the markedly different adaptations for nectivory observed. The other group, comprising the remaining 10 glossophagine genera (Glossophaginae, sensu stricto), plus Phyllonycteris, Erophylla, and perhaps Brachyphylla form a monophyletic group. Within the newly restricted subfamily Glossophaginae there are two major clades. One clade is composed of Glossophaga, Monophyllus, and surprisingly, Lichonycteris. The other is composed of the more derived nectar-feeding genera: Leptonycteris, Anoura, Hylonycteris, Choeroniscus, Choeronycteris, and probably, Scleronycteris and Musonycteris. Interestingly, both karyotypic evidence, and evidence from dental and basicranial studies, can be interpreted to support the phylogeny presented here"--P. [1]. en_US
dc.format.extent 5472334 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 2742 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.2742, 1982 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Phyllostomidae en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Phyllostomidae -- Anatomy. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Hyoid bone. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Tongue. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bats -- America en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mammals -- America en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Nectarivores -- America en_US
dc.title Systematics of the New World nectar-feeding bats (Mammalia, Phyllostomidae), based on the morphology of the hyoid and lingual regions. American Museum novitates ; no. 2742 en_US
dc.title.alternative Nectar-feeding bats en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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