Observations on the nests and behavior of Trigona in Australia and New Guinea (Hymenoptera, Apidae). American Museum novitates ; no.2026

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dc.contributor.author Michener, Charles Duncan, 1918- en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-06T17:03:08Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-06T17:03:08Z
dc.date.issued 1961 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/3473
dc.description 46 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 45-46). en_US
dc.description.abstract "The nests of meliponine bees exhibit many features of phyletic and adaptive significance. These characters, which of course result from the behavior of the numerous workers in the colonies, should be considered in conjunction with morphological features and other behavioral ones in assessing the relationships of species of this tribe. Homologies of nest parts are discussed, and a terminology for them is presented. Failure to formalize such matters in the past has resulted in the confused use of the word 'involucrum' for two different structures in different species. The nests of seven species of Trigona from Australia and New Guinea are described. The nests of those species of the subgenus Plebeia that were studied (australis and cincta) differ from other known meliponine nests in having spherical cells which open in various directions, not necessarily upward; from those of other species in which the cells are arranged in clusters, these differ in the presence of an involucrum consisting of a single cerumen sheet. Possibly these features are primitive. It seems reasonably clear that the cluster arrangement of cells found in other species, and considered primitive by previous authors, is in reality an adaptation (associated with loss of the involucrum) making possible the use of small and irregular cavities for nesting places. One species (T. hockingsi) arranges its cells in a manner intermediate between combs and clusters. Reports that two species of Australian Trigona (australis and carbonaria) leave the brood cells open and add provisions to them until as much as three days after hatching of the larvae could not be verified and presumably have no basis in fact. These Australian bees, as do all other Trigona species, mass provision their cells. The establishment of new colonies was not observed, but flights of males and other activities indicate that it must be similar to that of South American stingless bees"--P. 44-45. en_US
dc.format.extent 9914784 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no.2026 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.2026, 1961 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Trigona -- Nests. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Trigona -- Behavior. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Stingless bees -- Australia. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Stingless bees -- New Guinea. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Nests -- Australia. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Nests -- New Guinea. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Behavior -- Australia. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Behavior -- New Guinea. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Nests -- Australia. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Nests -- New Guinea. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Behavior -- Australia. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Behavior -- New Guinea. en_US
dc.title Observations on the nests and behavior of Trigona in Australia and New Guinea (Hymenoptera, Apidae). American Museum novitates ; no.2026 en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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