Bioarchaeology of the late prehistoric Guale : South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia. Anthropological papers of the AMNH ; no.84

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Larsen, Clark Spencer. en_US
dc.contributor.author Creekmore, Andrew. en_US
dc.contributor.author Hutchinson, Dale L.
dc.contributor.author Joyce, Caroline.
dc.contributor.author Legge, Scott S.
dc.contributor.author McNeil, Jessica.
dc.contributor.author Moore, Elizabeth.
dc.contributor.author Papathanasiou, Anastasia.
dc.contributor.author Reitz, Elizabeth Jean.
dc.contributor.author Schmidt, Christopher W.
dc.contributor.author Schoeninger, Margaret J.
dc.contributor.author Sering, Leslie E.
dc.contributor.author Sullivan, Amy.
dc.contributor.author Thomas, David Hurst.
dc.contributor.author Townsend, Randy R.
dc.contributor.author Weinand, Daniel C.
dc.contributor.author Moore, Clarence B. (Clarence Bloomfield), 1852-1936.
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-05T21:22:06Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-05T21:22:06Z
dc.date.issued 2002 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/310
dc.description 104 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 66-69). en_US
dc.description The setting -- Previous work at South End Mound I -- Later excavations and bioarchaeological study -- Methods of analysis -- The South End Mound I individuals -- Artifacts / David Hurst Thomas and Jessica McNeil -- Resource utilization and dietary reconstruction / Elizabeth J. Reitz, Clark Spencer Larsen and Margaret J. Schoeninger -- Patterns of community health: pathology -- Dental and skeletal size and morphology. en_US
dc.description.abstract "South End Mound I is one of more than 50 mortuary sites (mostly burial mounds) excavated by Clarence Bloomfield Moore (1897) during his five-month expedition to the Georgia coast, and it is one of seven mounds he described on St. Catherines Island. The mound was subsequently tested by Larsen and Thomas (1986), who reported on a small sample of fragmentary human remains left at the site by Moore. This monograph reports on human remains recovered from a large-scale excavation undertaken by Larsen. This excavation revealed that Moore disturbed skeletal remains, but these remains were left in the general location of their original discovery. Our conjoining of fragmentary bones and teeth allowed identification of 26 of the 50 skeletons encountered by Moore. Importantly, this sample provides the only late prehistoric (Irene period) skeletal series from St. Catherines Island, allowing for the first time temporal comparisons with both earlier prehistoric populations (e.g., Johns Mound) and later historic populations (Santa Catalina de Guale) from the island. Analysis of faunal remains and stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen indicates that the population consumed a variety of terrestrial and marine fauna, along with significant amounts of maize in diet. Analysis of dental caries prevalence is consistent with this reconstruction. In addition, presence of skeletal infections indicates poorer health in general relative to prehistoric St. Catherines Islanders. At least some of the periosteal reactions displayed on tibiae reflect treponematosis (nonvenereal syphilis). The overall pattern of health is strikingly similar to contemporary late prehistoric populations from the Georgia coast in particular and to the Eastern Woodlands of North America in general. Lastly, study of body size and postcranial skeletal morphology indicates a similar pattern of activity and lifestyle as for other groups from the Georgia Bight during the late prehistoric era. Overall, this bioarchaeological analysis reveals that the shift from a foraging lifeway to one that incorporated maize agriculture likely had a profound impact on health and lifestyle"--P. 5. en_US
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher [New York] : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History ; no.84 en_US
dc.subject.lcc GN2 .A27 no.84, 2002 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Guale Indians -- Antiquities. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Human remains (Archaeology) -- Georgia -- Saint Catherines Island. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Human skeleton -- Analysis. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Paleopathology -- Georgia -- Saint Catherines Island. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America -- Georgia -- Saint Catherines Island -- Antiquities. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mounds -- Georgia -- Saint Catherines Island. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Excavations (Archaeology) -- Georgia -- Saint Catherines Island. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Saint Catherines Island (Ga.) -- Antiquities. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Georgia -- Antiquities. en_US
dc.title Bioarchaeology of the late prehistoric Guale : South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia. Anthropological papers of the AMNH ; no.84 en_US
dc.title.alternative South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia en_US
dc.title.alternative Late prehistoric Guale bioarchaeology en_US
dc.type text en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Anthropological Papers, published continuously since 1907, are monographic volumes that include some of the great ethnographies of the 20th century, particularly on North American Indians. Several illustrious anthropologists published their work in the Anthropological Papers, as well as many past and present curators of the AMNH Division of Anthropology. Prior to 1930, large special reports were published in the Memoirs.

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account