The anthropology of St. Catherines Island. 3, Prehistoric human biological adaptation. Anthropological papers of the AMNH ; v. 57, pt. 3

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dc.contributor.author Larsen, Clark Spencer. en_US
dc.contributor.author Thomas, David Hurst. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-05T21:21:50Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-05T21:21:50Z
dc.date.issued 1982 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/306
dc.description p. 157-270 : ill., maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 255-270). en_US
dc.description.abstract "Skeletal remains from the prehistoric coast of Georgia are the basis for this study. The effects of agriculture on the human skeleton are examined and explained in the present paper. The region was chosen because (1) there is a large skeletal series representative of both an early preagricultural adapatation (2200 B.C.-A.D. 1150) and a later mixed agricultural and hunting-gathering adaptation (A.D. 1150-A.D. 1550); (2) the Georgia coast represents continuous in situ cultural development from at least 2200 B.C. to A.D. 1550, implying human biological continuity for at least 3500 years prior to European contact; and (3) the economic regime for the Georgia coast has been documented by a large body of archaeological and ethnohistoric data. A series of skeletal and dental changes are viewed in light of an adaptational model encompassing disease and size of the hard tissues - skeletal and dental - and their respective responses to the behavioral shift from a hunting and gathering lifeway to one that incorporated corn agriculture after A.D. 1150. The model consists of two parts. First, with the introduction of an agriculture-based diet and consequent increase in population size and density, the pathology reflecting a general rise in occurrence of infectious disease due to an expansion in population size and a high dietary carbohydrate base should increase. Second, with the adoption of corn as a major dietary constituent, the softer foodstuffs and more sedentary lifeway associated with that adaptation should result in a respective decrease in functional demand on the masticatory complex in particular and on the body in general. In addition, the element of poor nutrition should come into play in an economy in which plant domesticates, and corn in particular, are the focus of diet. The comparison and analysis of the pathology and metric data support the model. In addition, the detailed examination of these data by sex suggests that the behavioral alterations that occurred consequent to the change in lifeway differentially affected females"--P. 159. en_US
dc.format.extent 19898739 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 57, pt. 3 en_US
dc.subject.lcc GN2 .A27 vol.57, pt.3, 1982 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America -- Food -- Georgia -- Atlantic Coast. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America -- Georgia -- Atlantic Coast -- Nutrition. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Paleo-Indians -- Georgia -- Atlantic Coast. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Human remains (Archaeology) -- Georgia -- Atlantic Coast. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Human skeleton -- Analysis. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Dental anthropology -- Georgia -- Atlantic Coast. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Paleopathology -- Georgia -- Atlantic Coast. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Agriculture, Prehistoric -- Georgia -- Atlantic Coast. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Excavations (Archaeology) -- Georgia -- Atlantic Coast. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America -- Nutrition. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Atlantic Coast (Ga.) -- Antiquities. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Georgia -- Antiquities. en_US
dc.title The anthropology of St. Catherines Island. 3, Prehistoric human biological adaptation. Anthropological papers of the AMNH ; v. 57, pt. 3 en_US
dc.title.alternative Prehistoric human biological adaptation en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Anthropological Papers, published continuously since 1907, are monographic volumes that include some of the great ethnographies of the 20th century, particularly on North American Indians. Several illustrious anthropologists published their work in the Anthropological Papers, as well as many past and present curators of the AMNH Division of Anthropology. Prior to 1930, large special reports were published in the Memoirs.

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