Diurnal and seasonal behavior patterns among adults of Protoxaea gloriosa (Hymenoptera, Oxaeidae). American Museum novitates ; no. 2509

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dc.contributor.author Linsley, E. Gorton (Earle Gorton), 1910- en_US
dc.contributor.author Cazier, Mont A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-10-06T16:35:26Z
dc.date.available 2005-10-06T16:35:26Z
dc.date.issued 1972 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/2716
dc.description 25 p. ; 24 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 22-25). en_US
dc.description.abstract "Each season, males of Protoxaea gloriosa (Fox) emerge from the ground and establish territories near nectar plants several days before the females appear. The first seasonal emergence of females occurs near midmorning and they immediately seek nectar. During this initial flight mating normally takes place, usually on the nectar flowers. Within 10 days to two weeks most of the females have constructed burrows, are collecting pollen, and are provisioning cells. Activity begins at approximately sunrise when working such plants as Solanum and Cassia and continues for two or three hours before collecting ceases and the burrows are closed (they are opened briefly near midday for an additional nectar flight). When working flowers of Kallstroemia, which do not open until well after sunrise and produce an overabundance of pollen, collecting by some individuals may extend to noon or later. As the season progresses male territories shift with changes in female pollen-collecting patterns but this activity usually peaks near midmorning after most collecting has ceased. By early afternoon, the previously antagonistic males begin to cluster in large aggregations on selected plants where they spend the night. Temperatures in the clusters fluctuate but, during observations through the night, mostly ranged from 20.5°C. to 22.5°C. with air temperatures ranging downward from 23.5°C. to 18°C. When disturbed, the cluster temperatures rose suddenly by 8 to 10°C"--P. [1]. en_US
dc.format.extent 2376647 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher New York, N.Y. : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries American Museum novitates ; no. 2509 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QL1 .A436 no.2509, 1972 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Protoxaea gloriosa -- Behavior -- Climatic factors. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Protoxaea gloriosa -- Effect of temperature on. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Circadian rhythms. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Behavior -- Climatic factors -- Southwest, New. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Effect of temperature on -- Southwest, New. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Behavior -- Climatic factors -- Southwest, New. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Effect of temperature on -- Southwest, New. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bees -- Southwest, New. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- Southwest, New. en_US
dc.title Diurnal and seasonal behavior patterns among adults of Protoxaea gloriosa (Hymenoptera, Oxaeidae). American Museum novitates ; no. 2509 en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • American Museum Novitates
    Novitates (Latin for "new acquaintances"), published continuously and numbered consecutively since 1921, are short papers that contain descriptions of new forms and reports in zoology, paleontology, and geology. New numbers are published at irregular intervals.

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