Monograph on the spittlebug flies, genus Cladochaeta (Diptera, Drosophilidae, Cladochaetini). Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 241

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dc.contributor.author Grimaldi, David A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Nguyen, Tam. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2005-11-22T22:58:48Z
dc.date.available 2005-11-22T22:58:48Z
dc.date.issued 1999 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2246/1586
dc.description 326 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 26 cm. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 314-316) and indexes. en_US
dc.description.abstract "Species of the New World genus Cladochaeta are revised, and the natural history of several of them is presented. From 14 described species in the genus, there now are 119 total, based on 105 new species, primarily Neotropical. The distributions of the three described species of North American Cladochaeta (floridana, inversa, and sturtevanti) are detailed for the first time. Four new North American species are described: C. wilhansoni, from Utah; C. dracula and C. heedi, both from Arizona; and C. florinversa, from southern Florida. The newly described Neotropical species are the following: barista,abbrevifusca, abeja, abrupta, adusta, akantha, albifrons, ambidextra,amblyharpa, antalba, aquila, arthrostyla, austrinversa, bispina, brunnea, calvovis, carinata, centetor, chaeta, chelifera, crassa, dejecta, devriesi, dextra, dikra, diminuta, dolichofrons, dominicana, dominitica, ectopia, erecta, fasciata, fuscora, genuinus, glans, glapica, hadrunca, hamula, hermani, hodita, howdeni, incessa, inornata, jamaicensis, janzeni, labidia, laevacerca, longistyla, masneri, mathisi, mexinversa, mystaca, neblina, neoinversa, neosimplex, obscura, obunca, onyx, ostia, paravolsella, paulhansoni, polia, proctobarba, propenicula, pruinopleura, pseudikra, pseudunca, psychotria, ranhyae, reversa, robusta, santana, sclerstyla, sepia, sicula, similex, simplex, spinacosta, spinula, spira, starki, sternospina, telescopica, tepui, tica, trauma, tricerabops, tripunctata, tubula, unca, vapida, venebula, verdifrons, vermes, vittata, vivipara, volsella, vomica, wirthi, yanomama, and zurquia. Grimaldi and Nguyen are the authors of all newly described species. Cladochaeta taeniatipennis (Duda) and C. peruviana (Duda) are transferred to Cladochaeta from the genus Diathoneura, the former species being the type species of Diathoneura. Illustrations and discussions of the adult diagnostic features of each species are provided, as are distributions. Female terminalia are plesiomorphic to most Drosophilinae by lacking pegs on the oviscapt, and variation in the terminal sternites and tergites of females was found to be as species-specific as male genitalia. Females have nonsclerotized sperm receptacles (apparently the ventral receptacles), but no diagnostic variation was found in these structures. Male genitalia provided most characters for classification of species in the genus, which is basically a system of species groups as presented here. Larvae of C. inversa and C. floridana are de-scribed and illustrated. They are highly modified for acalyptrate Diptera by possessing 6 pairs of prolegs, each with a rosette of creeping welt spinules; the cephalopharyngeal skeleton is unsclerotized, except for the minute, very sharp mandibular hooks; and the posterior pair of spiracles is very long and telescoping, adapting the larva to being submerged in spittle. Five Neotropical spe-cies are recorded as being viviparous. Host records are summarized, and various new ones presented. Hosts are almost always spittle- bug nymphs (Auchenorrhyncha: Cercopidae). A larva of Cladochaeta attaches itself to the dorsum of its host's abdomen, where it makes minute holes presumably for feeding on hemolymph. An ephydrid is reported as living in the spittle masses of the cercopid, Tomaspis inca, in Costa Rica; it is saprophagous, not parasitic; this is a habit previously unknown for that family. Several records of adventitious spittle-bug associations in the Drosophilidae are also reported. In lieu of experimental data, all evidence indicates that the larvae of Cladochaeta are parasitic. The great increase in species diversity makes this group the most speciose genus of Drosophilidae endemic to the Western Hemisphere"--P. 4. en_US
dc.format.extent 32085987 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language eng en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher [New York] : American Museum of Natural History en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History ; no. 241 en_US
dc.subject.lcc QH1 .A4 no.241, 1999 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cladochaeta en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Drosophilidae -- America en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Insects -- America en_US
dc.title Monograph on the spittlebug flies, genus Cladochaeta (Diptera, Drosophilidae, Cladochaetini). Bulletin of the AMNH ; no. 241 en_US
dc.title.alternative Spittlebug flies en_US
dc.type text en_US

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  • Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
    The Bulletin, published continuously since 1881, consists of longer monographic volumes in the field of natural sciences relating to zoology, paleontology, and geology. Current numbers are published at irregular intervals. The Bulletin was originally a place to publish short papers, while longer works appeared in the Memoirs. However, in the 1920s, the Memoirs ceased and the Bulletin series began publishing longer papers. A new series, the Novitates , published short papers describing new forms.

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